Roman Numerals, Conversion, and Uses

roman numerals

Many centuries ago during the era of the Roman Empire, Roman citizens were known for their industriousness in areas like commerce and trade. Since they already knew how to read and write, they came up with a numerical system to represent numbers for counting. This system lasted for centuries and is still being used today.

What is Roman numeral?

Roman numeral is simply a numerical system used to represent numbers for counting with a combination of Latin alphabets, which originated in ancient Rome. This system is still used for writing numbers today and is based on seven distinct symbols.

Over the years, these numerals were used for several purposes apart from calculations and trade like indicating the order of rulers who bear the same name, for example, Pope John Paul II. Another use of Roman numerals is in the publishing industry for copyright dates, and on gravestones and cornerstones when a deceased owner of a building has wished an impression of theirs should be created for them.

The symbols used for roman numerals

As mentioned earlier, there are 7 distinct symbols used in Roman numerals basics and we will take a look at them.

  1. I – This means 1 with II and III meaning 2 and 3 respectively.
  2. V – This symbol represents 5. When I is placed before V, it means 4 and when it is placed after it, it means 6. The system allows a smaller number placed before the larger one indicate that number subtracted from the big one to mean the number represented. Therefore, VII and VIII mean 7 and 8.
  3. X – This stands for 10. Since the symbol I cannot exceed three, the number 9 cannot be represented using V and I. Therefore, the subtraction principle is applied meaning that IX represents 9. On the other hand, 11 will now be XI. Then to represent other numbers in tens, an additional X is added i.e. XX and XXX mean 20 and 30 respectively. But this stops at a certain point.
  4. L – This is for 50. From what we have seen above, 40 would be XL while 60 would be LX with 70 and 80 being LXX and LXXX respectively.
  5. C – Meaning 100. C was gotten from a Latin word called centum meaning 100. The same subtraction and addition principle still apply to it. XC means 90 while adding L to it (XL) means 150.
  6. D – This stands for 500. CD means 400.
  7. M – This means 1000. CM means 900.

The internet has made things easier for us today. If you do not know how to count Roman numerals, there are applications that can do this called roman numerals converter. All you need to do is to enter the number in the box and click on convert. The software does the calculation and displays the corresponding number. There is also a Roman numeral conversion table to help you out with how the numerals are calculated. The Roman numerals converter is a very useful tool and anyone who wants to understand Roman numerals should go ahead and make use of it.

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Roman Numeral Jewelry

Nowadays, fashion has a way of incorporating a lot of things. There are so many kinds of women’s jewelry with Roman numerals on them as a form of fashion. Roman numeral jewelry have the numerals engraved on their pendants or probably carved on them.

There are bracelets that have roman numerals engraved on them or on their bar, there are roman rings, Roman numeral necklace with the numerals engraved on a bar or on the pendant.

These jewelry are worn a lot by women to make a statement on their sense of fashion. These roman numeral jewelry can be presented as gifts to family members, friends, and loved ones. They are made from gold, sterling silver, stainless steel and other metals.